Biomechanical Impacts of Forward Head Posture on the Respiratory Function

Main Article Content

Kevin Triangto
Siti Chandra Widjanantie
Nury Nusdwinuringtyas

Abstract

Introduction: Forward head posture (FHP) is a very common problem among the working population. Being one of the most subconscious function in humans, respiratory function utilizes both the diaphragmand external intercostal muscles for quiet breathing. However during labored breathing, many other muscles will be recruited, and mostly these muscles have attachments in the cervical, thoracic ribcage,and even lumbar vertebrae. By the nature of attachments of these muscles on the cervical vertebra and thoracic cage, it is then plausible that FHP would affect the respiratory function.
Methods: Thorough searches were done through international journals for the last ten years regarding the topic of FHP and its impacts to the respiratory biomechanics.
Discussion: Previous studies have reported how prolonged FHP will result in kyphotic posture, reducing the mobility of ribcage, and modifies all respiratory muscular attachments such as sternocleidomastoids, intercostals, and to a certain extent, the diaphragm. All these result in a restrictive lung disorder, signified by reducing spirometry values, such as Forced Vital Capacity, Sniff Nasal Inspiratory Pressure, and Peak Flow Rate.
Conclusion: Forward head posture disturb the respiratory biomechanics.

Article Details

Section
Review Article
Author Biographies

Kevin Triangto

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia, Jakarta,Indonesia

Siti Chandra Widjanantie

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Persahabatan Hospital, Faculty of Medicine Universityof Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Nury Nusdwinuringtyas

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia, Jakarta,Indonesia