Severe Degree of The Obesity Has More Comorbid Factors and more Severe of The Knee Osteoarthritis

Main Article Content

Natalia Loekito
Tirza Z. Tamin
I Nyoman Murdana

Abstract

Background : Obesity is a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis (OA). The major problem of OA are pain and decreased of knee muscle strength cause a decline of functional capacity, and lead to disability. Aim of this study is to describe the profile of obese patients with knee OA to prevent disability.
Methods : A descriptive study was conducted from September 2016 - March 2017. Subjects were obese patients with knee OA, age ranging from 40-80 years with sedentary lifestyle, with Physical level (PAL)<1.4.
Results : Most of the subjects have age>60 y.o(58.8%) anf were female (92.7%). The frequency of Obesity grade II (56.1%) and OA knee grade III (56.1%) were the most frequent. There were higher prevalence of comorbid factors on subjects with grade II of obesity i.e, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus (32 vs 27, 18 vs 5, 7 vs 2) respectively. THis study found 41 subjects has knee OA, consist grade II was 18 (43,9%), grade II was 23 (56,1%), Besides, there were higher prevalence of more severe knee OA on grade II than grade I of obesity subjects (29 vs 12).Conclusions : Higher grading of obesity has more prevalence of comorbid factors, as well as has more severe of knee OA
Keyword : obesity, comorbid factors, knee osteo arthritis

Article Details

Section
Original Article
Author Biographies

Natalia Loekito

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,University of Indonesia/ Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.- Email : natalia.loe25@gmail.com

Tirza Z. Tamin

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Indonesia/ CiptoMangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

I Nyoman Murdana

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Indonesia/ CiptoMangunkusumo National Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.