Respiratory Monitoring in Pediatric Neuromuscular Disease

Main Article Content

Andre Sugiyono
Siti Chandra Widjanantie


ABSTRACTNeuromuscular disease in childhood result in dysfunction of chest wall and lung movement that interfereventilation function and gas exchange. Without vital respiratory pump, ventilation, gas exchangefunction and cough ability would be compromised and could result in complications such as pneumonia,atelectasis, and respiratory failure.Comorbid factors in cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, nutrition, and gastrointestinal could aggravaterespiratory morbidity and mortality if not adequately treated. This paper was written to reviewanatomy and physiology of neurorespiratory system, pathophysiology of respiratory complication inneuromuscular disease, clinical assessment and respiratory monitoring of childhood neuromusculardisease from Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation point of view .Keywords: assessment, neuromuscular disease, pediatric, respiratory, ventilation

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Author Biographies

Andre Sugiyono, Medical Staff

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia,Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

Siti Chandra Widjanantie, Medical Staff

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Universitas Indonesia, Persahabatan GeneralHospital, Jakarta, Indonesia